Curriculum & Educational Resources:
An American Indian Perspective on Columbus: an Indian Education curriculum unit. Click here for PDF.
Breaking the Sacred Circle: An exploration of the mental, spiritual, cultural and physical aspects of the Sacred Circle. Click here for PDF.
Cedar - Tree of Life: Click here for PowerPoint Presentation on the uses of cedar by the Coast Salish Indians (pictures only, no text).
Content & Activities for Teaching about Indians of Washington State (Grades
K-6): Topics include food, shelter, and clothing. Also includes
guidelines for evaluating and selecting American Indian materials Click here for PDF.
Culturally Relevant Lesson Plans from 4directions.org. Click here for website.
Culture & History of the Skokomish Tribe
Delicious.com Bookmarks (OSPI Office of Indian Education - Since Time Immemorial). Click here for a listing of online resources.
Enduring Legacies Native Cases - Evergreen State
College (Secondary Grades): Culturally relevant curriculum and teaching
resources presented as case studies on key multidisciplinary issues in
Indian Country. Click here for website.
From Boarding Schools to Self Determination: American Indian and Alaskan Native educational systems during the intrusion process. Click here.
Governor's Office of Indian Affairs: Click here for website.
History of the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe and its Reservation. Click for here website and click here for video We are Muckleshoot.
History of the Puyallup Tribe of Indians includes historical overview, Treaty of Medicine Creek, fishing, Land Settlement of 1988 and other information. Click here for website.
Indians of WA State: A curriculum resource guide for grades K-12, click here for PDF.
Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Click here for website.
Intersecting Ojibwe Art Curriculum: University of Minnesota culture based art integration curriculum, click here.
Lessons of Our Land - Indian Land Tenure Foundation (Grades K-12): Click here for website.
Map of WA Tribes by WashingtonTribes.org. Click here for interactive map.
The National Museum of the American Indian:
Is part of the Smithsonian Institution and is dedicated to the life,
languages, literature, history, and arts of the American Indian. Click here for website.
Native American Story Connections for Science & Sustainability Lessons
(Grades 1-5): This webpage contains a lesson plan, audio files of
Native American stories including Tribe/location, and a video of Native
storyteller Roger Fernandes. Click here.
One With the Watershed: A salmon homecoming story-based curriculum for primary environmental education. Click here for PDF.
The People of Cascadia: Pacific NW Native Amercian History by Heidi Bohan. Click here for website.
Puyallup Tribal News includes current news and events of the Puyallup Tribe of Indians. Click here for website.
Red Dawn - Spokan Indian Legends: A collection of 14 legends and includes Salish language audio on some stories. Click here for zip file.
Salmon Homecoming (2001): An Activity Book for Kids (Elementary). Click here.
Since Time Immemorial (STI) - Tribal Sovereignty in WA State: This
website has resources, materials, lessons, and entire units to support
the teaching of tribal sovereignty, tribal history, and current tribal
issues within the context of OSPI recommended units for WA and US
history in the elementary and middle school levels and US history and
Contemporary World Issues in the high school level. Each unit is aligned
with National Common Core State Standards, state standards and builds
toward the successful completion of a Content-Based Assessment, or CBA.
Click here to access STI.
Teaching about Columbus in 1992 & Beyond: A resource packet for teachers. Click here for PDF.
Teaching about Thanksgiving (Grades K-6): Includes study and discussion questions and ideas for enrichment. Click here for PDF.
- Thanksgiving...A Resource Guide: An Indian education curriculum unit. Click here for PDF.
- Trail Tribes - Traditional & Contemporary Native Culture: History with a Tribal perspective along the Lewis & Clark trails. Click here for website.
- The Treaty Trail: U.S. -Indian Treaty Councils in the NW: WA Historical Society curriculum lessons that involve active role-play of Tribal members and the U.S. Government during the Walla Walla treaty negotiations. Click here for website.
- Tribes of WA State Interactive Map by WSU College of Education Native Teaching & Learning, click here.
- The Unwritten Chapters: An American Indian comments on American history. Click here for PDF
Directories & Educational Reports:
From Where the Sun Rises: Addressing the Educational Achievement of Native Americans in WA State. Click here for full version of this educational report or click here for a summary report.
Washington State Tribal Directory, Click here for PDF.
Language Groups of the NW Coast is an outline by the Burke Museum of NW Coast tribal and language names. Click here for PDF.
Muckleshoot Language & Culture, click here for website.
Tulalip Lushootseed Salish Language, click here for website and click here for another webpage.
Twulshootseed - Puyallup Tribal Language Program, click here for website.
As Long as the Rivers Run (1971) by Carol Burns/Salmon Defense: This documentary examines Indian fishing rights in reference to the Nisqually Indians of Frank's Landing. Click here for video, 60 minutes.
Back to the River by Salmon Defense: This
documentary is a continuation of As Long as the Rivers Runs,
and examines Tribal treaty fishing rights struggles. Click here for video, 38 minutes.
Legacy of the Salmon People: Explores Tribal
history, NW Indian Fisheries Commission Development, and natural
resources management cooperative efforts. Click here for video, 15 minutes.
Shadow of the Salmon (2007) by
Salmon Defense: A story about a young Lakota man that visits Coastal
Salish relatives in the Pacific NW and learns about salmon and their
environment. Click here for video, 44 minutes. For Shadow of the Salmon: Respect the Salmon, Respect Yourself resource guide (8th grade) click here.
- The Story of HB 1495: This video gives an overview
of House Bill 1495 that was signed by Gov. Gregoire in 2005 to require
Washington’s Indian tribal history to be taught in the common schools.
Click here for video.
- Through Salmon Eyes: From the ancient story and
wisdom of Elders, this video leads viewers on the journey of the salmon
people in a river through a watershed. Click here for video (20 minutes) and click here for questions about video.
Treaty Indian Fisheries and Salmon Recovery:
Dispels myths about Tribal fishing practices and tells how the loss of
habitat and degradation is leading to the decline in salmon populations.
Click here for video, 10 minutes.
We are Muckleshoot provides a brief history of the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe. Click here for video, 20 minutes.
Museums & Cultural Centers:
Burke Museum of Natural History & Culture
Columbia Pacific Heritage Museum
Colville Tribal Museum
Hibulb Cultural Center & Natural History Preserve (Tulalip Tribes)
Karshner Culture & Arts Center
Makah Cultural & Research Center
Steilacoom Tribal Museum & Cultural Center
The following texts are recommended by OYATE, a Native organization devoted to critical evaluation of books and curricula with Indian themes:
- 1621 A New Look at Thanksgiving, by Catherine O’Neill Grace &
Margaret B. Bruchac with Plimoth Plantation; published by Scholastic
- Thanksgiving: A Native Perspective, by Doris Seale, Beverly Slapin,
and Carolyn Silverman, eds., Berkeley: Oyate, 1998, teacher resource
- Four Seasons of Corn: A Winnebago Tradition, by Sally M. Hunter, Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1997, grades 4-6
- Clambake: A Wampanoag Tradition, by Russell M. Peters, Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1992, grades 4-6
- Giving Thanks: A Native American Good Morning Message, by Jake Swamp, New York: Lee & Low, 1995, all grades
- Ininatig’s Gift of Sugar: Traditional Native Sugarmaking, by Laura
Waterman Wittstock, Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1993, grades 4-6